Joshua Tree National Park is a hikers wonderland. Trails leading to mountain peaks, old mines, a dam, homesteads, sand dunes, dry lakes, oases, slot canyons, a natural arch & across deserts cover the Joshua Tree landscape. The granite rock formations make Joshua Tree a very popular destination for climbers. Declared a National Monument in 1936, Joshua Tree became a National Park in 1994. It is named after the Joshua Tree forests that are native to the park. The Mojave Desert, covering the western half of the park & the Colorado Desert overlap in Joshua Tree. This transition zone creates a diverse biological ecosystem with characteristics of both deserts. The unique rock piles called inselbergs were formed over millions of years. Molten rock moved upward & cooled. Stress from earthquakes caused the granite rocks to crack. Millions of years of erosion & the upward mountain building action leave us with the exposed granite boulders we see today.
Fun Park Facts – Joshua Tree receives 1.25 million visitors a year. Total area is 790,636 acres. Lowest elevation is 1,200 ft at Pinto Basin. Highest elevation is 5,813 ft on Quail Mountain.